Natural Gas Hydrate: Potential, Endanger and Economical Impaction : Continuing-Education : Deanship of Community Service & Continuing Education :: PMU

Natural Gas Hydrate: Potential, Endanger and Economical Impaction

Course/Workshop Title: Natural Gas Hydrate: Potential, Endanger and Economical Impaction
Course/Workshop Duration:  
Course Overview: Natural Gas is a mixture of hydrocarbon gases that occurs within petroleum deposits. It is principally composed of methane together with varying quantities of ethane, propane, butane, and heavier hydrocarbons, and is used as a fuel and in the manufacture of organic compounds. Under certain pressure and temperature conditions, solid particles, named as Hydrates, may form and precipitate resulting in changes to flow of the fluid. Occurrence of hydrates may lead to severe problems in oil and gas production systems.
Extraction of methane from hydrates could provide an enormous energy and petroleum feedstock resource. Additionally, conventional gas resources appear to be trapped beneath methane hydrate layers in ocean sediments. In return, hhydrate formation and deposition in natural gas pipelines is one of popular significant factors of pipeline blockage. It can pose a major risk in all high pressure fuel carriers including the connecting lines and manifold systems during transportation of natural gas. Given the significance of safety and reliability in any high pressure natural gas transport system, it is critical to have a very accurate analysis of such systems from the safety stand-point.
The variation in pressure and temperature of the system is one of the most significant factors which lead to the formation of hydrate. These circumstances can also be commonly found in exploration and production systems when fluids flow through various types of equipment along the production tubing or transportation pipelines.
The workshop consists of five sessions and is adequate for Mechanical, Chemical, and Petroleum Engineers, Technicians, and Labors who have trained to monitor, investigate, and deal with pipe plugging that could occurs as a result of hydrate accumulation.
Expected Learning Outcomes / Competencies By the end of this workshop, trainees should be able to:
  1. Understand the basic concept of hydrate formation and deposition
  2. Identify the optimal method economically and safely to hinder hydrate formation
  3. Apply the essential steps for preventing accumulation of hydrates in oil and gas transportation
  4. Predict the spots of accumulation and prevent the occurrence of pipe ruptures.