Introduction to Flow in Pipes : Continuing-Education : Deanship of Community Service & Continuing Education :: PMU

Introduction to Flow in Pipes

Course/Workshop Title: Introduction to Flow in Pipes
Course/Workshop Duration:  
Course Overview: Fluid mechanics is the study of how fluids move and the forces that develop as a result. Fluids include liquids and gases and fluid flow can be either laminar or turbulent. On the other hand, a pipe is basically a transport structure. A pipe system has a beginning, an ending, and a path between the two points. Pipelines carry crude oil from oil wells to tank farms for storage or to refineries for processing. In chemical plants, food processing plants, and other similar industrial establishments, the piping systems are utilized to carry liquids, chemicals, mixtures, gases, vapors, and solids from one location to another.
One of the challenges for mechanical and chemical engineers is to design systems in which fluids are pumped through pipes. A key consideration in the design of any pipe system is the selection of a pump of the appropriate size and type. Therefore, an engineer working with pipes is in need for knowing the pressure difference required to induce fluid to flow at a certain steady rate through a pipe. Hence, some definition of temperatures, pressures, amount to be transported per unit of time, and the energy required to accomplish the transport need to be, at least partially, established.
This one week workshop is aimed at introducing the basic fundamentals of fluid mechanics relating to flow in pipes and fittings. Attention will be confined to fluids of constant viscosity and constant density.
Expected Learning Outcomes / Competencies By the end of this workshop, you should be able to:
  1. Understand the basic concepts of fluid mechanics.
  2. Apply the conservation of mass equation to balance the incoming and outgoing flow rates in a flow system.
  3. Understand the use and limitations of the Bernoulli equation, and apply it to solve a variety of fluid flow problems.
  4. Calculate losses associated with flow in piping networks and determine the pumping power requirements
  5. Understand various velocity and flow rate measurement techniques and learn their advantages and disadvantages.